A vascular surgeon is a surgeon that specializes in treating patients with diseases of the circulatory system, particularly those that involve the lungs, heart and vessels. Center for Vascular Medicine – Fairfax Vascular Surgery Doctor is an excellent resource for this. Circulatory disease is the most common reason for needing a vascular surgeon, but there are other reasons as well, including those that involve the central nervous system or the gastrointestinal tract. While most people associate a vascular surgeon with the treatment of cardiomyopathy, a debilitating disease characterized by dilated heart arteries and coronary artery spasms, other diseases that may be treated by these surgeons include thyroid disorders, tumors, meningitis, leukemia, aneurysms, melanoma, anorexia and trauma. While a vascular surgeon treats the cardiovascular system, he or she also treats several parts of the body that receive cardiovascular stimulation, such as the brain, lungs, arms, legs, pelvis and feet. In some cases, vascular surgeons are involved in managing the musculoskeletal system as well.
Vascular surgery doctors perform all sorts of operations, including the coagulation of the clot (fulmination), the contouring of lesions and tissue removal. They use various equipment, including robotic and pneumatic operated dental tools; endoscope equipment; laser equipment; stethoscopes; and endoscopes. They perform surgeries on a wide range of areas, including the brain, heart, kidney, lungs, abdomen, intestines, pelvis, skin, gastrointestinal tract, jaw and skull. Other than their surgical expertise, vascular surgery doctors are required to have additional training beyond the normal degree of their certification, as they work in conjunction with nurses, neonatologists, gynecologists and other specialties.
To become a vascular surgery surgeon, you need to meet certain educational and training requirements, as well as pass certain licensing examinations. The majority of doctors who become certified vascular surgery surgeons take classes in anatomy, pathology, pharmacology and physiology. They then complete either a 2-year degree program in general surgery or a 4-year bachelor’s degree program in medical science that includes an internship. They may then complete a master’s degree, or even a PhD. To become a doctor specializing in this field of medicine, you must also take specialized schooling that is specific to the sub-specialty of which you are going into.